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Brain Tumour Facts & Stats

Each year nearly 800 Australians that live in Victoria are diagnosed with a brain tumour. They are the only cancer to directly affect both the mind and the body. Brain tumours are one of the leading cancers in children under 15 yrs with around 35 new cases diagnosed annually. There are over 120 different types of brain tumours. 40 of these are classified as malignant (cancerous.) The location of the tumour, grade, type of treatments undertaken and other factors influence the impact on the patient, their abilities and prognosis.  Brain tumour research funding is low. Brain Tumours Are Diverse: Three main categories of brain tumours (central nervous system tumours): primary, 'benign' and brain metastases (or secondary brain tumours, arising from a primary cancer elsewhere in the body). Causes are unknown, not preventable by any known lifestyle changes. Early detection not possible at this time. Symptoms may include some of the following: headaches (that wake you up in the morning), seizures in a person who does not have a history of seizures, cognitive or personality changes, eye weakness,nausea or vomiting, speech disturbances, or memory loss. Treatment & Support: Cause complex health issues and may require intervention from numerous specialities. Better treatment leads to longer life expectancy and better neurological outcomes. Critical shortages in health professionals best able to manage health of brain tumour patients. Brain tumours (and treatment side effects) can impair decision making and judgement and compound the challenge of treatment. Low level of understanding in the community about brain tumours and the enormous impact they have on individuals and their families. Although around 70% of children will survive, they are often left with long-term side effects. Summary Statistics: Around 1,400 new cases of primary (malignant) brain tumours in Australia each year, including 100 in children. This number excludes an estimated 2,000 so-called benign brain tumours that may cause disability or (rarely) death. Second highest cause of death for children aged 0 - 14 years from all causes - second only to accidental drowning/immersion and highest cause of death in this age group from cancer - an average of 33 deaths per year (2003-2007). Highest cause of death from cancer in people aged 0-39 (average of 120 deaths per year in 2003-2007). No significant change in five-year relative survival between 1982-1986 and 1998-2004 (19%). Largest lifetime financial costs faced by households of any cancer type, at $149,000 per person, and highest lifetime economic cost of any cancer type, at 1.89 million dollars per person. More than 5,000 hospitalisations, 12.5 days average length of stay in hospital (2008-09). Brain tumour research funding is low in relation to the burden of the disease - along with lung cancer and mesothelioma, bladder cancer, pancreatic cancer, lymphoma and cancers of unknown primary site.   This information was from the btaa website & resourced from: 1) World Health Organization (Furnari et al. 2007). The most common primary intrinsic brain tumors are the gliomas for adults and medulloblastomas for children. 2) Based on ratio for primary brain tumours in the USA according to CBTRUS www.cbtrus.org/factsheet/factsheet.html 3) AIHW, unpublished data 4) Leukemia and myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic diseases - average of 27 deaths per year for the period 2003-2007, unpublished data (AIHW). 5) AIHW, unpublished data 6) Cancer research in Australia: An overview of cancer research projects and research programs in Australia, 2003 to 2005 , Cancer Australia, pg2. Cost of Cancer in NSW. 2005 , Cancer Council NSW, prepared by Access Economics, 2006. 7) AIHW Cancer in Australia 2010: An overview ; pg177 hospitalisations, pg 80 length of stay. 8)Cancer research in Australia: An overview of cancer research projects and research programs in Australia, 2003 to 2005 , Cancer Australia, pg2  
Site by Jenny Last Update 13/2/2017
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